States’ interdependence, globalization, expansion of scope and authority of international organizations, and the growth of the global civil society have increased concerns about the use of power on the world stage. The way authority is defined and understood is linked to the notion of legitimacy. Contrary to power, an authority claims a right to rule and needs to be legitimate. Indeed, subjects of authority must recognize the authority as legitimate and competent to accept and submit to the authority. Keohane developed six specific criteria to define the legitimacy of global governance institutions and whether they are beyond or below the legitimacy threshold.

CTs allow some international health institutions to enable stakeholders to participate in numerous decisional and non-decisional processes. The examples cited here illustrate how marginalized actors gained additional capacity to participate in decisional and non-decisional processes and therefore to shape global arrangements. However, these health institutions did not digitalize all processes.

Au moment clé où certains États remettent en cause l’importance et l’urgence de réduire leur impact sur le changement climatique[1], il devient essentiel de rechercher une plus grande efficacité et légitimité de la gouvernance environnementale régionale et mondiale. De plus, la gouvernance environnementale offre un point de départ idéal pour aborder ces questions, du fait, en particulier de l’actuelle politisation des questions et institutions environnementales.