ICTs allow some international financial institutions to enable stakeholders to participate in numerous decisional and non-decisional processes. The examples cited here illustrate how marginalized actors gained additional capacity to participate in such processes. However, these financial institutions did not digitalize all processes.

CTs allow some international health institutions to enable stakeholders to participate in numerous decisional and non-decisional processes. The examples cited here illustrate how marginalized actors gained additional capacity to participate in decisional and non-decisional processes and therefore to shape global arrangements. However, these health institutions did not digitalize all processes.

Au moment clé où certains États remettent en cause l’importance et l’urgence de réduire leur impact sur le changement climatique[1], il devient essentiel de rechercher une plus grande efficacité et légitimité de la gouvernance environnementale régionale et mondiale. De plus, la gouvernance environnementale offre un point de départ idéal pour aborder ces questions, du fait, en particulier de l’actuelle politisation des questions et institutions environnementales.